timorous adj : timid by nature or revealing timidity; "timorous little mouse"; "in a timorous tone"; "cast fearful glances at the large dog" [syn: fearful, trepid]
The Pilgrim's Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come by John Bunyan (published February, 1678) is a Christian allegory. It is regarded as one of the most significant works of English literature, has been translated into more than 200 languages, and has never been out of print.
CompositionBunyan began the work while in the Bedfordshire county gaol for violations of the Conventicle Act, which prohibited the holding of religious services outside the auspices of the established Church of England. Earlier scholars like John Brown believed The Pilgrim's Progress was begun in Bunyan's second shorter imprisonment for six months in 1675, but more recent scholars like Roger Sharrock believe that it was begun during Bunyan's initial, more lengthy imprisonment from 1660-1672 right after he had written his spiritual autobiography, Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners.
The English text comprises 108,260 words and is divided into two parts, each reading as a continuous narrative with no chapter divisions. After the first edition of the first part in 1678, an expanded edition, with additions written after Bunyan was freed, appeared in 1679. The Second Part appeared in 1684. There were eleven editions of the first part in John Bunyan's lifetime, published in successive years from 1678 to 1685 and in 1688, and there were two editions of the second part, published in 1684 and 1686.
First PartThe allegory tells of Christian, an everyman character, who makes his way from the "City of Destruction" (Earth) to the "Celestial City" (Heaven) of Zion. Christian finds himself weighed down by a great burden (sin) that he gets from reading a book (obviously the Bible). This burden, which would cause him to sink into Tophet (hell), is Christian's acute, immediate concern that impels him to the crisis of what to do for deliverance. Evangelist suddenly comes by to direct Christian for deliverance to the "Wicket Gate", which is the direction indicated by a "shining light" that Christian thinks he sees. Christian leaves his home, his wife, and children to save himself when his attempts to persuade them to join him are fruitless.*Pilgrim's Progress (condensed and illustrated)
- Pilgrim's Progress (audio version)
- Audio studies on the characters in Pilgrim's Progress
- Commentary on Pilgrim's Progress (PDF format)
timorous in Welsh: Taith y Pererin
timorous in German: Pilgerreise zur seligen Ewigkeit
timorous in Spanish: El progreso del peregrino
timorous in Persian: پیشرفت زائر
timorous in French: Le Voyage du pèlerin
timorous in Korean: 천로역정
timorous in Hungarian: A zarándok útja
timorous in Malayalam: പില്ഗ്രിംസ് പ്രോഗ്രസ്
timorous in Japanese: 天路歴程
timorous in Norwegian: Pilegrims vandring
timorous in Polish: Wędrówka Pielgrzyma
timorous in Portuguese: O Peregrino
timorous in Simple English: The Pilgrim's Progress
timorous in Finnish: Kristityn vaellus
timorous in Swedish: Kristens resa
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